Tunnel under sea between france and england

Tunnel under sea between france and england

Rail Europe - Train Tickets and Times

The tunnel under sea between france and england is a mega construction considered one of the seven wonders of the world of modern engineering, it is also called the Eurotunnel. This tunnel crosses the Channel under the oceanic bed communicating the northeast of France with the south-east of the United Kingdom, has a length of 50.5 kilometers in length of which 39 of them are submerged in the waters of the channel at an average depth of 40 meters. Its construction lasted 7 years (1987-1994) and is the third longest tunnel in the world. It was opened in May 1994 and connects Calais / Coquelles (France) and Folkestone (United Kingdom).

The explaining, administration and maintenance of tunnel under sea between france and england is carried out by the Franco-British company Eurotunnel. The train service through the Eurotunnel has two variants; one is the Shuttle Train, which carries vehicles, trucks and motorcycles and the other is that the Eurostar Train is for the exclusive transport of passengers. The tunnel consists of three canals and / or galleries: two tunnels of 7.5 meters in diameter each, reserved for the circulation of trains, with one way and one return channel, and a gallery of 4.8 meters to circulate the electric vehicles that provide maintenance service.

These three galleries that make up tunnel under sea between france and england, are communicated with each other by transversal galleries that serve to provide maintenance to the main roads and also allow air circulation through all galleries to reduce pressure, prevent the spread of smoke in case of fire and avoid the aerodynamic resistance to the crossing of the trains that travel at a speed of more than 140 kilometers per hour. The construction of the Eurotunnel has brought several advantages for both countries, including: 1) The goods are transported by train instead of trucks and ferries, which take them through the English Channel, taking into account that these last routes can be subject to possible adverse weather conditions or to other external factors.

2) The trains that circulate through tunnel under sea between france and england, are high-speed trains that only take 2 hours 30 minutes to link Paris and London and 2 hours to connect London with Brussels. 3) The drivers of vehicles, trucks and motorcycles can stay inside them or they can be taken to the wagons where they have seats and food service. The safety of the tunnel is based on the materials used for its construction, the blocks used for its bases and main structure, are pre-built blocks with a special mixture of concrete and granite, which gives it greater resistance to pressure.

Rail Europe - Train Tickets and Times

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